What is Sofreh Haft Seen?
The Sofreh Haft-Seen is a traditional persian table setting for celebrating the New Year. Haft-Seen means Seven-S (Haft=Seven and Seen is a letter pronounced as “S” in the persian Alphabet) and Sofreh means spread. The New Year`s spread includes seven symbolic items that all begin with the letter “Seen” (س), these items are all have their own meaning:
1. Sabzeh (سبزه) – wheat or lentil sprouts growing in a dish, symbolizes rebirth and nature.
2. Samanu (سمنو) – sweet pudding made from wheat germ, represents affluence.
3. Senjed (سنجد) – dried fruit from lotus tree, symbolizes love and wisdom.
4. Seer (سیر) – garlic, stands for medicine.
5. Seeb (سیب) – apple, represents health and beauty.
6. Somāq (سماق) – sumac (spice), symbolizes the color of sunshine.
7. Serkeh (سرکه) – vinegar, represents age and patience.
The Haft-Sin Table can have more additional items as well:
Sekkeh (سکه) – coin, symbolizes wealth and prosperity.
Sonbol (گل سنبل) – hyacinth, spring flower.
Mahi (ماهی) – fish, symbolizes life.
Tokhmeh Morgh (تخم مرغ) – painted eggs, represent fertility.
Sham (شمع) – candle, symbolizes enlightenment and happiness.
Shirini (شیرینی) – traditional sweets (Shirini nokhodchi, Nanberenji) symbolize spreading the sweetness.
Ayne (اینه) – mirror, stands for self reflection and introspection.
Holy book or poetry book.